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Employment and Support Allowance - rates


Sunshine Meadows:

Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) - rates

The amount you get paid depends on your circumstances. For income-related ESA your household income, pension and any savings of £6,000 or more are taken into account. It also depends on what effect your disability has on your ability to do any work.


Weekly rate during the assessment phase

The assessment phase rate is paid for the first 13 weeks of your claim while a decision is made on your capability for work through the Work Capability Assessment.

 Age of claimant                                     Weekly amount

 A single person aged under 25                      up to £53.45
 A single person aged 25 and over                      up to £67.50
Weekly rate during the main phase

The main phase starts from week 14 of your claim, if the Work Capability Assessment shows that your illness or disability does limit your ability to work.

 Type of group                                                     Weekly amount

 A single person in the Work Related Activity Group     up to £94.25
 A single person in the Support Group                              up to £99.85

In most cases you will not get any money for the first three days of your claim. These are called 'waiting days'.

Depending on your circumstances you may be able to get more money if you get income-related ESA.

You can only get extra money for your husband, wife or civil partner if you get income-related ESA.

Customers moving onto ESA from incapacity benefits

If you’re are moving onto ESA after the review of your claim to:

  - Incapacity Benefit
  - Income Support paid on the grounds of  illness or disability
  - Severe Disablement Allowance

you will be told whether you're in the Support Group or Work-Related Activity Group. See 'Employment Support Allowance - Introduction' for more information.

Your benefit will be transferred automatically and there will be no break in the payments you receive.

If the amount of incapacity benefit you get is more than the amount of ESA, you’ll get a top-up payment. The amount of benefit you get won't rise until the amount of ESA catches up with the amount of the top-up payment.   

If the amount of incapacity benefit you get is lower than the amount of ESA, you will get more money. Your money will increase as soon as you move to ESA.

Pension income rules

If you receive contribution-based ESA and have a gross pension income of more than £85 a week, the amount of benefit payable will be reduced by half of the excess.

The excess is the difference between £85 and the actual pension income. For example, for a pension income of £100, the excess is £15. The amount of ESA payable is reduced by half of that, which is £7.50.

If you receive income-related ESA, any pension income you have will be taken into account, regardless of the amount.

Income Tax

Income-related Employment and Support Allowance is not taxable.

It's important to note that contribution-based ESA is taxable, so you may have to pay tax. How much tax, if any, you have to pay depends on whether you receive any other income, for example, an occupational pension.

Depending on your circumstances, you may get a new tax code.

How ESA is paid

All benefits, pensions and allowances are paid into an account. This is the safest, most convenient and efficient method of payment.

What to do if your circumstances change

It is important to contact the Jobcentre Plus office dealing with your claim if your circumstances change. You can do this by telephone - their number will be on letters they have sent to you. For example if:

  - you do any work, including voluntary work
  - you start training and get a training allowance
  - you change your address
  - you have been in hospital for 52 weeks and part of your benefit is paid for someone else
  - you go abroad

(edited for formatting - KK)


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